Type approval terminology

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Advice – Optimization – Testing

Certification

Certification by an approval authority (e.g. FOD, SPF) stating that a vehicle or vehicle type complies with all relevant technical and administrative stipulations.

Directive 2007/46/EG

European directive creating a new, European framework for the type approval process for vehicles. This process is composed of various phases in which every person involved is set liable for his/her own modifications of the vehicle, on a certification-technical field.

Directive & regulations

European directives and Geneva UN/ECE regulations describe the conditions the components have to comply with. There is a transit period directives to the respective regulations for the vehicle parts. The guidelines are applicable in Europe, whilst the regulations have worldwide validity.

Technical unit

A separate technical unit is an equipment or installation that comply with legal directives or regulations. It is part of a vehicle that can separately be granted a type approval, but only regarding one or more specified vehicle types, if the legislation explicitly allows this.

Basic vehicle

Each vehicle that is used in the first phase of a multi-phase type approval procedure.

Incomplete vehicle

Every vehicle that has to be subjected to at least one finishing phase in order to comply with the applicable technical stipulations of this decree. This vehicle can only be legally registered after finishing.

Finished vehicle

Every vehicle that complies with the applicable technical stipulations of this decree after having been subjected to the multi-phase type control approval procedure.

Complete vehicle

Every vehicle that does not need to be finished off to comply with the applicable technical stipulations of this decree.

National type approval

A type approval procedure set in the national legislation whereof the validity is restricted to the national territory.

EC type approval

The procedure whereby a Member State certifies that a vehicle type, system, part or technical unit complies with the relevant administrative stipulations and technical regulations of the directive. A type approval certificate is the document issued by the approval authority to officially certify the approval given to a vehicle type, system, part or technical unit.

Individual approval

The procedure whereby the approval authority certifies that a certain, possibly unique vehicle complies with the relevant administrative stipulations and technical regulations. The individual approval certificate is the document issued by the approval authority to officially certify the approval given to a particular vehicle.

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